Sydney dentist Dr John Kupferman has put together a list of the top 5 dental emergencies on website Dental Hub.
1. Broken Tooth
It is one of the most common emergencies concerning teeth and is also one that can be easily fixed. Remember to keep all broken pieces of tooth since the dentist may be able to bond them back to your tooth. Rinse the damaged tooth with warm water and also clean the surrounding area. If there was a direct injury to the face that has led to the broken tooth, apply cold compress to minimize the swelling and head to a dentist.
2. Lost Tooth
For instances wherein the tooth has fallen out or has been knocked out, timing is important because the quicker the patient gets to a dentist, the better chances of having the tooth replanted. Ideally, the time from the incident to the dentist’s chair or bed should not be more than 60 minutes. For adult teeth (primary teeth in kids won’t be replanted), wash the fallen tooth for 10 seconds in cold running water and try to reposition it in its original place and have the patient bite on a handkerchief to hold it in position. If it is not possible, place the tooth in a suitable liquid such as a glass of milk or contact lens solution and never place the tooth in water.
Because it is usually caused by inflammation of the tooth pulp, toothaches are to be seen by a dentist as soon as possible, especially for persistent and intolerable toothache. Before going to the appointment, make sure to rinse the mouth out with water and floss to remove any debris stuck in the cavity or in between the teeth. A pain reliever such as Ibuprofen, which will help with the inflammation, can be taken for the pain.
4. Problems with Braces
For loose or broken braces or any other dental appliance, a visit to the dentist or orthodontist is of utmost importance. If there is a wire that is misplaced digging into the cheek, gum or tongue, this needs to be removed by the dentist or orthodontist to prevent further damage. Wrap it with a cotton ball to avoid any injuries until you are able to see your dental professional.
5. Lost Filling or Crown
The uncomfortable sensitivity of an exposed open tooth to air, pressure, heat, and cold is the main enemy when it comes to having lost filling or crown. If you have the crown, put it in a safe place and see your dentist as soon as you can.